Global Health & Medicine 2021;3(4):214-225.
Current status and future perspectives of onco-cardiology: Importance of early detection and intervention for cardiotoxicity, and cardiovascular complication of novel cancer treatment
Kubota S, Hara H, Hiroi Y
The prognosis has improved remarkably in recent years with the development of cancer treatment. With the increase in the number of cancer survivors, complications of cardiovascular disease have become a problem. Therefore, the field of onco-cardiology has been attracting attention. The field of onco-cardiology covers a wide range of areas. In the past, cardiac dysfunction caused by cardiotoxic drug therapies such as doxorubicin (Adriamycin) was the most common cause of cardiac dysfunction, but nowadays, cardiovascular complications caused by aging cancer survivors, atherosclerotic disease in cardiovascular risk carriers, thromboembolism, and new drugs (e.g., myocarditis caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors and hypertension caused by angiogenesis) are becoming more common. In this review, we summarize the latest findings of cardiotoxicity of cancer therapy, appropriate treatment and prevention, and cardiovascular complications of novel chemotherapy, which will increase in demand in the near future.