Global Health & Medicine 2024;6(2):101-107.

Prevalence, characteristics, and virologic correlations of hepatitis delta (D) among patients with hepatitis B surface antigen in Mongolia

Gidaagaya S, Rokuhara A, Sugiyama M, Dorj S, Barsuren B, Namdag B, Munkhbat B, Oka S, Mizokami M


Clinical and biochemical features of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infections in Mongolia remain largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of HDV patients in Mongolia using several markers. The 143 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive patients were divided into 122 HDV-positive and 21 HDV-negative patients by HDV RNA positivity. Subgroup analysis was performed between hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and -negative HDV-positive patients. Liver function, quantitative HBsAg (qHBsAg), anti-HDV Immunoglobulin (Ig) M, Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi), hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, and HDV RNA level were tested. HDV RNA was positive in 85.3% (122/143) of patients showing anti-HDV IgG. Liver disease activity was higher in HDV-positive patients than in HDV-negative patients. The HDV-positive group included a higher proportion of patients with high qHBsAg and M2BPGi levels (p < 0.001). The positivity rate for anti-HDV IgM was significantly higher in the HDV-positive group (p < 0.001). HDV RNA levels showed an inverse correlation with qHBsAg levels in HBeAg-positive-HDV-positive patients (r = -0.49, p = 0.034), and a positive correlation with qHBsAg levels in HBeAg-negative patients (r = 0.35, p < 0.001). Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and HDV RNA levels did not show any correlation. M2BPGi levels likewise did not correlate with HDV RNA levels. A high positivity rate for HDV RNA was observed for HBV patients in Mongolia using the highly sensitive HDV RNA assay. The positivity rate for anti-HDV IgM was high in HDV RNA-positive patients. Severity of liver disease and M2BPGi levels were both high in the HDV RNA-positive group.

KEYWORDS: highly sensitive HDV RNA assay, anti-HDV IgM, M2BPGi, hepatitis B virus, quantitative HBsAg, HBeAg

DOI: 10.35772/ghm.2023.01080

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