Global Health & Medicine 2019;1(1):16-19.
Challenges to eliminating the AIDS pandemic in China.
Tang Q, Lu H
Based on data from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were a total of 861,042 people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/ immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) as of December 31, 2018 in China, a total of 148,589 new HIV infections, and 38,134 AIDS-related deaths in the year 2018. As of 2017, only 74% of people living with HIV knew their status, 80% of people living with HIV were receiving treatment, and 91% were virally suppressed in China. Although mankind has made great progress in the fight against AIDS in recent years, the vision of ending the AIDS epidemic still faces many challenges in China. Due to the huge population and the imbalance in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in China, expanding HIV screening and early detection remains the key to China’s response to HIV. Limitations of antiviral therapy (ART), rejection or discontinuation of an immediate ART strategy by people infected with HIV, and the difficult search for a cure for AIDS all limit the coverage and quality of treatment. The high price of drugs and lack of vaccines present enormous challenges; social discrimination still exists, and participation by non-governmental organizations in prevention, treatment, and care is limited. As part of the future response to HIV, HIV eradication programs should continue to be explored, and attention should be paid to long-term care for people living with HIV.