Global Health & Medicine 2020;2(5):298-305.
Simulation and navigation liver surgery: an update after 2,000 virtual hepatectomies
Miyata A, Arita J, Kawaguchi Y, Hasegawa K, Kokudo N
The advent of preoperative 3-dimensional (3D) simulation software has made a variety of unprecedented surgical simulations possible. Since 2004, we have performed more than 2,000 preoperative simulations in the University of Tokyo Hospital, and they have enabled us to obtain a great deal of information, such as the detailed shape of liver segments, the precise volume of each segment, and the volume of hepatic venous drainage areas. As a result, we have been able to perform more aggressive and complicated surgery safely. The next step is to create a navigation system that will accurately reproduce the preoperative plan. Real-time virtual sonography (RVS) is a navigation system that provides fusion images of ultrasonography and reconstructed computed tomography images or magnetic resonance images. The RVS system facilitates the surgeon's understanding of interpretation of ultrasound images and the detection of tumors that are difficult to find by ultrasound alone. In the near future, surgical navigation systems may evolve to the point where they will be able to inform surgeons intraoperatively in real time about not only intrahepatic structures, such as vessels and tumors, but also the portal territory, hepatic vein drainage areas, and resection lines that have been planned preoperatively.