Global Health & Medicine 2021;3(6):409-412.
Benefits of physical therapy for people living with hemophilia
Kikuchi K, Komachi T, Honma Y, Fujitani J
This crossover study investigated effects of physical therapy (PT) on motor function in patients with hemophilia infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to treatment with non-heat-treated blood products. Patients were randomly divided into a PT-first group (PT once monthly for 6 months, then only home exercise (HE) for 6 months) and an HE-first group (HE for 6 months, then PT once monthly for 6 months). Carryover, period, and treatment effects were examined. Carryover effect was observed for flexion muscle strength of the right hip joint and fast walking cadence. Period effect was observed for extension Range of motion (ROM) of the left hip joint, dorsiflexion of the right ankle joint, and fast walking cadence. PT tended to be effective for abduction of the left shoulder joint and fast walking cadence. Compared with HE, PT tended to contribute to improving ROM of the shoulder joints and fast walking.