Global Health & Medicine 2023;5(1):15-22.
Prevalence of and factors associated with diabetes mellitus among people living with HIV in Vietnam
Nagai M, Matsumoto S, Tanuma J, Nguyen DHT, Nguyen DT, Mizushima D, Oka S, Pham TN
Studies have shown that people living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher risk of having non-communicable diseases (NCDs) than do people without HIV. In Vietnam, HIV remains a major public health concern, and with recent rapid economic growth, NCDs such as diabetes mellitus (DM) have become a significant disease burden. This crosssectional study was conducted to examine the prevalence of DM and the factors associated with DM among PLWH on antiretroviral therapy (ART). In total, 1,212 PLWH were included in the study. The age-standardized prevalence of DM and pre-diabetes were 9.29% and 10.32%, respectively. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, male sex, age above 50 years, and body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 were associated with DM, and borderline p-value was found for associations with current smoking and years on ART. The results suggest higher DM prevalence among PLWH and that longer time on ART could be an important risk factor for DM among PLWH. These findings also suggest that interventions such as weight control and smoking cessation support could be provided at outpatient clinics. Integration of HIV/AIDS and NCDs services is essential to address health needs comprehensively and enhance health-related quality of life for PLWH.