Global Health & Medicine 2023;5(2):78-84.
Tools and factors predictive of the severity of COVID-19
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus infection caused worldwide confusion. The problem with this infection is that it causes severe illness in some patients, resulting in a high rate of death if appropriate treatment is not given. If patients with severe illness that requires treatment are appropriately identified, treatment can be focused on these patients. However, in the early days of the COVID-19 outbreak, the inability to predict and diagnose the disease led to hospitals being overwhelmed. Therefore, various methods for the diagnosis of severe disease were developed early on, and various methods are still being investigated to predict high-risk patients. The currently available prediction methods are divided into those that predict the onset of severe disease and those used to determine the severity of the disease. Specifically, the main methods include genetic factors, serum humoral factors, laboratory tests, and diagnostic imaging. Since each of these factors has different features, using them in combination is likely to be advantageous.